Languages Spoken in Each Country of the World

About This Event

Afghanistan Dari Persian, Pashtu (both official), other Turkic and minor languages

Albania Albanian (Tosk is the official dialect), Greek

Algeria Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects

Andorra Catalán (official), French, Castilian, Portuguese

Angola Portuguese (official), Bantu and other African languages

Antigua and Barbuda English (official), local dialects

Argentina Spanish (official), English, Italian, German, French

Armenia Armenian 98%, Yezidi, Russian

Australia English 79%, native and other languages

Austria German (official nationwide); Slovene, Croatian, Hungarian (each official in one region)

Azerbaijan Azerbaijani Turkic 89%, Russian 3%, Armenian 2%, other 6% (1995 est.)

Bahamas English (official), Creole (among Haitian immigrants)

Bahrain Arabic, English, Farsi, Urdu

Bangladesh Bangla (official), English

Barbados English

Belarus Belorussian (White Russian), Russian, other

Belgium Dutch (Flemish) 60%, French 40%, German less than 1% (all official)

Belize English (official), Spanish, Mayan, Garifuna (Carib), Creole

Benin French (official), Fon, Yoruba, tribal languages

Bhutan Dzongkha (official), Tibetan dialects (among Bhotes), Nepalese dialects (among Nepalese)

Bolivia Spanish, Quechua, Aymara (all official)

Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian

Botswana English 2% (official), Setswana 78%, Kalanga 8%, Sekgalagadi 3%, other (2001)

Brazil Portuguese (official), Spanish, English, French

Brunei Malay (official), English, Chinese

Bulgaria Bulgarian 85%, Turkish 10%, Roma 4%

Burkina Faso French (official); native African (Sudanic) languages 90%

Burundi Kirundi and French (official), Swahili

Cambodia Khmer 95% (official), French, English

Cameroon French, English (both official); 24 major African language groups

Canada English 59.3%, French 23.2% (both official); other 17.5%

Cape Verde Portuguese, Criuolo

Central African Republic French (official), Sangho (lingua franca, national), tribal languages

Chad French, Arabic (both official); Sara; more than 120 languages and dialects

Chile Spanish

China Standard Chinese (Mandarin/Putonghua), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghaiese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages

Colombia Spanish

Comoros Arabic and French (both official), Shikomoro (Swahili/Arabic blend)

Congo, Democratic Republic of the French (official), Lingala, Kingwana, Kikongo, Tshiluba

Congo, Republic of French (official), Lingala, Monokutuba, Kikongo, many local languages and dialects

Costa Rica Spanish (official), English

Côte d'Ivoire French (official) and African languages (Dioula esp.)

Croatia Croatian 96% (official), other 4% (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, German)

Cuba Spanish

Cyprus Greek, Turkish (both official); English

Czech Republic Czech

Denmark Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic (Inuit dialect), German; English is the predominant second language

Djibouti French and Arabic (both official), Somali, Afar

Dominica English (official) and French patois

Dominican Republic Spanish

East Timor Tetum, Portuguese (official); Bahasa Indonesia, English; other indigenous languages, including Tetum, Galole, Mambae, and Kemak

Ecuador Spanish (official), Quechua, other Amerindian languages

Egypt Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes

El Salvador Spanish, Nahua (among some Amerindians)

Equatorial Guinea Spanish, French (both official); pidgin English, Fang, Bubi, Igbo

Eritrea Afar, Arabic, Tigre and Kunama, Tigrinya, other Cushitic languages

Estonia Estonian 67% (official), Russian 30%, other (2000)

Ethiopia Amharic, Tigrigna, Orominga, Guaragigna, Somali, Arabic, English, over 70 others

Fiji English (official), Fijian, Hindustani

Finland Finnish 92%, Swedish 6% (both official); small Sami- (Lapp) and Russian-speaking minorities

France French 100%, rapidly declining regional dialects (Provençal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish)

Gabon French (official), Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi

Gambia English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous

Georgia Georgian 71% (official), Russian 9%, Armenian 7%, Azerbaijani 6%, other 7% (Abkhaz is the official language in Abkhazia)

Germany German

Ghana English (official), African languages (including Akan, Moshi-Dagomba, Ewe, and Ga)

Greece Greek 99% (official), English, French

Grenada English (official), French patois

Guatemala Spanish 60%, Amerindian languages 40% (23 officially recognized Amerindian languages, including Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna, and Xinca)

Guinea French (official), native tongues (Malinké, Susu, Fulani)

Guinea-Bissau Portuguese (official), Criolo, African languages

Guyana English (official), Amerindian dialects, Creole, Hindi, Urdu

Haiti Creole and French (both official)

Honduras Spanish (official), Amerindian dialects; English widely spoken in business

Hungary Magyar (Hungarian) 94%, other 6%

Iceland Icelandic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken

India Hindi 30%, English, Bengali, Gujarati, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Kannada, Assamese, Sanskrit, Sindhi (all official); Hindi/Urdu; 1,600+ dialects

Indonesia Bahasa Indonesia (official), English, Dutch, Javanese, and more than 580 other languages and dialects

Iran Persian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1%, other 2%

Iraq Arabic (official), Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Assyrian, Armenian

Ireland English, Irish (Gaelic) (both official)

Israel Hebrew (official), Arabic, English

Italy Italian (official); German-, French-, and Slovene-speaking minorities

Jamaica English, Jamaican Creole

Japan Japanese

Jordan Arabic (official), English

Kazakhstan Kazak (Qazaq, state language) 64%; Russian (official, used in everyday business) 95% (2001 est.)

Kenya English (official), Swahili (national), and numerous indigenous languages

Kiribati English (official), I-Kiribati (Gilbertese)

Korea, North Korean

Korea, South Korean, English widely taught

Kosovo Albanian (official), Serbian (official), Bosnian, Turkish, Roma

Kuwait Arabic (official), English

Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyz, Russian (both official)

Laos Lao (official), French, English, various ethnic languages

Latvia Latvian 58% (official), Russian 38%, Lithuanian, other (2000)

Lebanon Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian

Lesotho English, Sesotho (both official); Zulu, Xhosa

Liberia English 20% (official), some 20 ethnic-group languages

Libya Arabic, Italian, and English widely understood in major cities

Liechtenstein German (official), Alemannic dialect

Lithuania Lithuanian 82% (official), Russian 8%, Polish 6% (2001)

Luxembourg Luxermbourgish (national) French, German (both administrative)

Macedonia Macedonian 67%, Albanian 25% (both official); Turkish 4%, Roma 2%, Serbian 1% (2002)

Madagascar Malagasy and French (both official)

Malawi Chichewa 57.2% (official), Chinyanja 12.8%, Chiyao 10.1%, Chitumbuka 9.5%, Chisena 2.7%, Chilomwe 2.4%, Chitonga 1.7%, other 3.6% (1998)

Malaysia Bahasa Melayu (Malay, official), English, Chinese dialects (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai; several indigenous languages (including Iban, Kadazan) in East Malaysia

Maldives Maldivian Dhivehi (official); English spoken by most government officials

Mali French (official), Bambara 80%, numerous African languages

Malta Maltese and English (both official)

Marshall Islands Marshallese 98% (two major dialects from the Malayo-Polynesian family), English widely spoken as a second language (both official); Japanese

Mauritania Hassaniya Arabic (official), Pulaar, Soninke, French, Wolof

Mauritius English less than 1% (official), Creole 81%, Bojpoori 12%, French 3% (2000)

Mexico Spanish, various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional indigenous languages

Micronesia English (official, common), Chukese, Pohnpeian, Yapase, Kosrean, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi

Moldova Moldovan (official; virtually the same as Romanian), Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)

Monaco French (official), English, Italian, Monégasque

Mongolia Mongolian, 90%; also Turkic and Russian (1999)

Montenegro Serbian/Montenegrin (Ijekavian dialect—official)

Morocco Arabic (official), Berber dialects, French often used for business, government, and diplomacy

Mozambique Portuguese 9% (official; second language of 27%), Emakhuwa 26%, Xichangana 11%, Elomwe 8%, Cisena 7%, Echuwabo 6%, other Mozambican languages 32% (1997)

Myanmar Burmese, minority languages

Namibia English 7% (official), Afrikaans is common language of most of the population and of about 60% of the white population, German 32%; indigenous languages: Oshivambo, Herero, Nama

Nauru Nauruan (official), English

Nepal Nepali 48% (official), Maithali 12%, Bhojpuri 7%, Tharu 6%, Tamang 5%, others. English spoken by many in government and business (2001)

Netherlands Dutch, Frisian (both official)

New Zealand English, Maori (both official)

Nicaragua Spanish 98% (official); English and indigenous languages on Atlantic coast (1995)

Niger French (official), Hausa, Djerma

Nigeria English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, Fulani, and more than 200 others

Norway Bokmål Norwegian, Nynorsk Norwegian (both official); small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities (Sami is official in six municipalities)

Oman Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects

Pakistan Urdu 8%, English (both official); Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, Burushaski, and others 8%

Palau Palauan 64.7%, English 9.4%, Sonsoralese, Tobi, Angaur (each official on some islands), Filipino 13.5%, Chinese 5.7%, Carolinian 1.5%, Japanese 1.5%, other Asian 2.3%, other languages 1.5% (2000)

Palestinian State (proposed) Arabic, Hebrew, English

Panama Spanish (official), English 14%, many bilingual

Papua New Guinea Tok Pisin (Melanesian Pidgin, the lingua franca), Hiri Motu (in Papua region), English 1%–2%; 715 indigenous languages

Paraguay Spanish, Guaraní (both official)

Peru Spanish, Quéchua (both official); Aymara; many minor Amazonian languages

Philippines Filipino (based on Tagalog), English (both official); eight major dialects: Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinense

Poland Polish 98% (2002)

Portugal Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official, but locally used)

Qatar Arabic (official); English a common second language

Romania Romanian (official), Hungarian, German

Russia Russian, others

Rwanda Kinyarwanda, French, and English (all official); Kiswahili in commercial centers

St. Kitts and Nevis English

St. Lucia English (official), French patois

St. Vincent and the Grenadines English, French patois

Samoa Samoan, English

San Marino Italian

São Tomé and Príncipe Portuguese (official)

Saudi Arabia Arabic

Senegal French (official); Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka

Serbia Serbian (official); Romanian, Hungarian, Slovak, and Croatian (all official in Vojvodina); Albanian (official in Kosovo)

Seychelles Seselwa Creole 92%, English 5%, French (all official) (2002)

Sierra Leone English (official), Mende (southern vernacular), Temne (northern vernacular), Krio (lingua franca)

Singapore Mandarin 35%, English 23%, Malay 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, Tamil 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.8%, other 0.9% (2000)

Slovakia Slovak 84% (official), Hungarian 11%, Roma 2%, Ukrainian 1% (2001)

Slovenia Slovenian 91%, Serbo-Croatian 5% (2002)

Solomon Islands English 1%–2% (official), Melanesian pidgin (lingua franca), 120 indigenous languages

Somalia Somali (official), Arabic, English, Italian

South Africa IsiZulu 23.8%, IsiXhosa 17.6%, Afrikaans 13.3%, Sepedi 9.4%, English 8.2%, Setswana 8.2%, Sesotho 7.9%, Xitsonga 4.4%, other 7.2%

South Sudan English (official), Arabic (includes Juba and Sudanese variants) (official), regional languages include Dinka, Nuer, Bari, Zande, Shilluk

Spain Castilian Spanish 74% (official nationwide); Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2% (each official regionally)

Sri Lanka Sinhala 74% (official and national), Tamil 18% (national), other 8%; English is commonly used in government and spoken competently by about 10%

Sudan Arabic (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages, English

Suriname Dutch (official), Surinamese (lingua franca), English widely spoken, Hindustani, Javanese

Swaziland English, siSwati (both official)

Sweden Swedish, small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities

Switzerland German 64%, French 20%, Italian 7% (all official); Romansch 0.5% (national)

Syria Arabic (official); Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian widely understood; French, English somewhat understood

Taiwan Chinese (Mandarin, official), Taiwanese (Min), Hakka dialects

Tajikistan Tajik (official), Russian widely used in government and business

Tanzania Swahili, English (both official); Arabic; many local languages

Thailand Thai (Siamese), English (secondary language of the elite), ethnic and regional dialects

Togo French (official, commerce); Ewé, Mina (south); Kabyé, Dagomba (north); and many dialects

Tonga Tongan (an Austronesian language), English

Trinidad and Tobago English (official), Hindi, French, Spanish, Chinese

Tunisia Arabic (official, commerce), French (commerce)

Turkey Turkish (official), Kurdish, Dimli, Azeri, Kabardian

Turkmenistan Turkmen 72%; Russian 12%; Uzbek 9%, other 7%

Tuvalu Tuvaluan, English, Samoan, Kiribati (on the island of Nui)

Uganda English (official), Ganda or Luganda, other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic

Ukraine Ukrainian 67%, Russian 24%, Romanian, Polish, Hungarian

United Arab Emirates Arabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu

United Kingdom English, Welsh, Scots Gaelic

United States English 82%, Spanish 11% (2000)

Uruguay Spanish, Portunol, or Brazilero

Uzbekistan Uzbek 74.3%, Russian 14.2%, Tajik 4.4%, other 7.1%

Vanuatu Bislama 23% (a Melanesian pidgin English), English 2%, French 1% (all 3 official); more than 100 local languages 73%

Vatican City (Holy See) Italian, Latin, French, various other languages

Venezuela Spanish (official), numerous indigenous dialects

Vietnam Vietnamese (official); English (increasingly favored as a second language); some French, Chinese, Khmer; mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)

Western Sahara (proposed state) Hassaniya Arabic, Moroccan Arabic

Yemen Arabic

Zambia English (official); major vernaculars: Bemba, Kaonda, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja, Tonga; about 70 other indigenous languages

Zimbabwe English (official), Shona, Ndebele (Sindebele), numerous minor tribal dialects

  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • Instagram

Copyright © 2020 related marks are registered trademarks of Boredom Solved.